Safety is the preliminary requirement for all drilling operations. The main goal of any drilling company is to drill a well with environmental safety, usable well completion and minimum costs. Environmental drilling safety has improved a lot during the last 30 years across the world. It has been proved that environmental safety is one of the key elements for each company to save the world from contamination. This article attempts to shed light on the basic issues regarding environmental risk assessment of drilling industry in Iran and present the initial steps to minimize the risks. It has been tried to discuss the essential defects that exist in the environmental regulations of Iranian drilling industry via a comparison between American and Iranian environmental drilling regulations and finally the results of the comparisons are demonstrated in detail.
Keywords: environmental risk assessment (ERA), regulations, offshore/onshore drilling