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Abstract: Biosurfactant can be produced from various substrates, mainly renewable resources such as vegetable oils, distillery and dairy wastes. The Biosurfactant was a rhamnolipid-type and had a good foaming, emulsifying and antimicrobial activities. Biosurfactants can also be involved in microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR). MEOR methods are used to recover […]

Application of Organic Surfactants to Recover Hydrocarbons from Oil Sludges



Abstract: The development of society depends on their capacity to learn and adapt to new realities and new circumstances. In Longworth (2006) opinion, a Learning society is a city, town or region which employs all its resources in every sector to develop all the human potential for the foresting of […]

Learning City and Promotion of Environmental Protection Culture



Abstract: There is no doubt that energy and fresh water are two important ingredients of socio-economic development at any region. According to very limited access to fresh water at many places around the world, today, using desalination plants to produce potable water is a common solution to supply required fresh […]

Using Renewable Energies for Desalination Purposes



Abstract: This study employs a data envelopment analysis approach to investigate the technical and scale efficiencies of apple fridges with respect to energy use preservation of products in Tehran province of Iran. The study also helps to identify the wasteful uses of energy by inefficient units and to establish the […]

Optimization of Energy Use in Apple Fridges; Case Study ...



Abstract: This study was conducted in order to determine concentration and toxicity of heavy metals (Ni, Zn, Cd, pb) in Shavoor river sediments. Sampling were performed seasonally (four seasons) from 2013 winter till at the end of 2014 fall. For the Sediment sampling in five stations for each season, and […]

Environmental Assessment of Heavy Metals ( Zn, Pb, Cd, Ni ...



Abstract: In this study, the direct reduction site of Iranian Ghadir Iron and Steel mill was studied in the viewpoint of environmental management in four aspects: air pollutants, waste water, noise pollutants and solid wastes. After recognizing the production process and sources of pollutants in the studied site, sampling points […]

Analyzing the Framework for Management of Environmental Pollutants in the ...



Abstract The study was taken to observe phenol transport by employing Polymer Inclusion Membrane (PIM) method  which contained copoly(eugenol-DVB), co-EDVB as the carrier. The parameters such as pH of source phase, concentration of NaOH, membrane thickness, concentration of carrier, variants of transpor time, and Membrane Liquid (ML) loss as well […]

The Capability of Copoly (Eugenol-Divinylbenzene), Co-edvb As a Carrier of ...



Abstract Green Chemistry is the term that is accepted widely for explaining the tendency towards sustainability and chemical processes and products that are more environmentally friendly. Life-Cycle Assessment is an important assessment tool for decision making; In particular, it can determine process stages exactly with a high environmental effect when […]

Potential Challenges of Life Cycle Assessment As a Tool for ...



Abstract This study was an advanced research of furniture waste creative industry in Jepara and Creative Industry of Fashion Complement from Furniture Waste in Study of Aesthetics, Conservation, and Economy Contribution. The work of the preceding study was in form of interior element. While this study was concentrated on fashion […]

Fashion Complementary Product from Furniture Waste in Study of Aesthetics ...



Abstract The advantages of technology has brought good and bad effects into indutrial development, for example: the effect in the fashion industries. Fashion industries have rose rapidly. Many small fashion industries have developed into giant, with million rupiah sales, such as garment industries which produce men’s, women’s and children apparels. […]

The Utilization of Fabric Wastes As Raw Material in ...